It already finds numerous applications in the world of wellness, tennis rackets, helmets, skis, sneakers and food.
An infinitely thin ink jet will project circuits onto any surface, paving the way for innovative applications.
Everything comes from carbon
Depending on the arrangement of the carbon atoms, different materials are obtained with the same specificity. For example, when carbon atoms bind in an ordered structure, graphite is obtained, which is the mineral used in the tip of pencils. If, on the other hand, the structure in which the carbon is ordered is completely ordered, the diamond is obtained. Recently graphene has appeared, which has an ordered structure of the atoms but only 2 dimensions.
It has two main characteristics that distinguish it from all the others and make it extremely interesting: it has the mechanical strength of diamond and the flexibility of plastic. But many others have already been discovered. Let's find out some of them.
Electronic Properties: batteries
Optical properties: photoabsorbent
Thermal properties: heat conductor
Mechanical properties: simply unbeatable
Illuminating properties: bulbs
Graphene in clothing and the IoT revolution
In a few years, many electronic devices and circuits that will be printed directly on clothing will be accompanied by a label that specifies whether they can be machine washed and ironed, making the promise of wearable electronics a reality.
According to the manufacturers, thanks to graphene, the jacket offers perfect thermoregulation: left warm for a while and worn with graphene inside, it can heat the body distributing heat evenly, for a pleasant duvet effect.
The new graphene rubber helps shoes to be lighter and more resistant: studies by the national graphene institute of the University of Manchester have shown that rubber soles infused with graphene have proven to be 50% more resistant than traditional ones.
A new technique has been used to create graphene fibers that convey technologies that can be incorporated into apparel production. Currently, wearable electronics are essentially obtained by gluing devices to fabrics, which results in product rigidity and probable malfunction.
Graphene in sport: bicycle tires, helmets and tennis rackets
The Monza-based company Colmar for example has recently launched an entire line with graphene inserts in its 2018/19 collection, while for several years Vittoria has been producing tubular and racing wheels for cycling in a rubber that includes a percentage of graphene to improve grip, speed and puncture resistance. Graphene acts like a magnet: by inserting itself between the rubber molecules, it actually creates a bond with them and keeps them more united.
For several years now, the tennis sports industry has been producing racquets with graphene components positioned in strategic points to improve strength, speed and above all lightness.